Government and society Constitutional framework The constitution of the Republic of Cyprus, adopted inprovided that executive power be exercised by a Greek Cypriot president and a Turkish Cypriot vice president, elected to five-year terms by universal suffrage, and that there be a Council of Ministers cabinet comprising seven Greek Cypriot and three Turkish Cypriot members.
A Permanent Assize Court has criminal jurisdiction over the whole island, and district courts handle criminal, civil, and admiralty matters. This regime became known as "Palmerokratia", named after the Governor. Initially, they formed a General Committee that functioned until 27 December Following the collapse of communism in Russia and eastern EuropeAKEL lost much of its support, with some reformists breaking away to form their own party.
Tourism is generally buoyant, though saw a downward trend sparking some concern in the industry.
Further information: Cyprus Emergency When international pressure did not suffice to make Britain respond as required, violence escalated with a campaign against the colonial power organised by EOKA Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston. Despite this international condemnation, repeated UN Security Council Resolutions, calling for the respect of the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Cyprus, as well as the withdrawal of all foreign troops from its territory, remain unimplemented.
Security The island of Cyprus is home to a complicated mixture of military forces. During this period, Turkish Cypriots began demanding that the island be partitioned between the Greek and Turkish populations.
Cyprus was annexed by the expanding Roman Empire in 58 BC. Fighting between Greek and Turkish Cypriots flared up in the early s, and a UN peacekeeping force was sent to the island in