Assess and explain the impact of

Environmental impact assessment example

The environmental impact assessment EIA studies are conducted over a short period of time and therefore the understanding of the environmental trends, based on a few months of primary data, has limitations. Secondary data are those collected over the years that can be used to understand the existing environmental scenario of the study area. Development of policy options iv. Although the purpose and orientation of IA procedures differ, IA guidelines in the various jurisdictions all follow a similar set of steps to be followed by desk officers: Planning of the IA Carrying out the impact analysis Consultation of affected stakeholders and the general public Coordination with affected departments Summary and presentation of findings in a report Forwarding findings to decision makers Publication of the IA report not in all countries The analytical steps, which mainly relate to step 2, can be set out as i. The impact assessment of mining activities, for example, is governed by the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act. EIC is the repository of one stop secondary data source for environmental impact assessment in India. Strategic Environmental Assessment Sadler and Verheem define Strategic Environmental Assessment SEA as the formalized, systematic and comprehensive process of identifying and evaluating the environmental consequences of proposed policies, plans or programmes to ensure that they are fully included and appropriately addressed at the earliest possible stage of decision-making on a par with economic and social considerations. Peter Kent Minister of the Environment explained that the CEAA "provides for the Government of Canada and the Environmental Assessment Agency to focus on the large and most significant projects that are being proposed across the country. Once the scoping report has been accepted, the EAP must commence an environmental impact assessment and compile an EIA report. Since this early definition the field of SEA has rapidly developed and expanded, and the number of definitions of SEA has multiplied accordingly. If the developer does not complete this make-up assessment within the designated time, only then is the EPB authorized to fine the developer. The categories of projects that require an EIA are summarised in Dutch legislation, the Wet milieubeheer. SEPA alone cannot guarantee the full enforcement of environmental laws and regulations, observed Professor Wang Canfa , director of the centre to help environmental victims at China University of Political Science and Law.

In recent years governments have increasingly invested in developing and applying methods and tools for IA. Whilst EIA relates to specific projects, EA is a generic term, which also incorporates strategic environmental assessment SEA of policies, plans, and programmes, and other forms of assessment.

Development of policy options iv. EIA forms part of the spectrum of environmental assessment EA processes.

impact assessment pdf

Our experience suggests that there are three significant potential pitfalls in using impact assessment evidence to make the advocacy case and secure sustainable services.

The environmental impact assessment EIA studies are conducted over a short period of time and therefore the understanding of the environmental trends, based on a few months of primary data, has limitations.

Environmental impact assessment process

Primary data are those collected in the field to define the status of the environment like air quality data, water quality data etc. Quick links. However, for the purposes of this unit the definitions and distinctions introduced above are used. Annex 2 projects are smaller in scale than those referred to in Annex 1. Problem definition ii. EIC caters to the need of creating and disseminating of organized environmental data for various developmental initiatives all over the country. They are also advised to avoid spending unnecessary resources on assessing elements that will not add much to the picture. The Environmental Impact Assessment EIA experience in India indicates that the lack of timely availability of reliable and authentic environmental data has been a major bottle neck in achieving the full benefits of EIA. The categories of projects that require an EIA are summarised in Dutch legislation, the Wet milieubeheer. Decision-making on whether to approve the project or not, and under what conditions; and Monitoring, compliance, enforcement and environmental auditing. Help is then offered for the other stages in the impact assessment process. Why does the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation give so much attention to impact planning and assessment?

This choice of focus was dictated by the limited resources available for evaluation work. In Junethe responsibility of Egypt's first full-time Minister of State for Environmental Affairs was assigned as stated in the Presidential Decree no.

Importance of environmental impact assessment

Environmental impact assessments EIAs are conducted to analyse and predict the nature and extent of the consequences of a particular activity or development on the receiving environment. SEA does not replace or reduce the need for project-level EIA although in some cases it can , but it can help to streamline and focus the incorporation of environmental concerns including biodiversity into the decision-making process, often making project-level EIA a more effective process. Review of the Environmental Impact Statement EIS , based on the terms of reference scoping and public including authority participation. EIC is the repository of one stop secondary data source for environmental impact assessment in India. The EAP must then submit the application for an environmental authorisation, the basic assessment or full scoping report and the details of the public participation procedure to the competent authority who must decide whether to grant the environmental authorisation, to grant it subject to various conditions or to refuse the application. Primary data are those collected in the field to define the status of the environment like air quality data, water quality data etc. If the developer does not complete this make-up assessment within the designated time, only then is the EPB authorized to fine the developer. The only essential difference was that the planners chose to focus their impact indicators on the effects of the programme training on the library staff who took part rather than on the users of their services. Finally, although we confidently assert that rigorous impact assessment combined with lucid advocacy will lead to service sustainability, there is comparatively little evidence to suggest that this is how key decisions are usually made. The objective of EIA is not to force decision-makers to adopt the least environmentally damaging alternative, but rather to make explicit the environmental impact of the development, so that the environment is taken into account in decision-making. SEPA alone cannot guarantee the full enforcement of environmental laws and regulations, observed Professor Wang Canfa , director of the centre to help environmental victims at China University of Political Science and Law. This choice of focus was dictated by the limited resources available for evaluation work. Meanwhile, Environmental Protection and Improvement Board in the regional government of Kurdistan in the northern Iraq Erbil, Duhok, Sulaimany and Garmyan is responsible of issuing Environmental compliance certificate, the board was established according to law No. EIA has been regarded as both a science and an art, reflecting the technical aspects, such as impact identification and prediction, as well as the evaluation, management, and presentation of information. Peter Kent Minister of the Environment explained that the CEAA "provides for the Government of Canada and the Environmental Assessment Agency to focus on the large and most significant projects that are being proposed across the country.

Impact assessment, advocacy and service sustainability There are clearly an important series of relationships between impact assessment, advocacy and service sustainability, especially in relation to major service development programmes.

Environmental Impact Assessment EIA is a systematic and integrative process for considering possible impacts prior to a decision being taken on whether or not a proposal should be given approval to proceed Wood Strategic Environmental Assessment SEA is a process of prior examination and appraisal of policies, plans, and programmes and other higher level or pre-project initiatives Sadler It is important to note that the terms defined above have differing interpretations and meanings in different countries, and that EIA and EA are often used interchangeably.

Markless, S.

Environmental impact assessment report

Defining monitoring measures. Impact assessment, advocacy and service sustainability There are clearly an important series of relationships between impact assessment, advocacy and service sustainability, especially in relation to major service development programmes. They are also advised to avoid spending unnecessary resources on assessing elements that will not add much to the picture. EIA has been regarded as both a science and an art, reflecting the technical aspects, such as impact identification and prediction, as well as the evaluation, management, and presentation of information. It is intended to facilitate informed and transparent decision-making while seeking to avoid, reduce or mitigate potential adverse impacts through the consideration of alternative options, sites or processes. The long-term objective is to ensure a sustainable economic development that meets present needs without compromising future generations ability to meet their own needs. This choice of focus was dictated by the limited resources available for evaluation work. Among them the European Union has established a mix of mandatory and discretionary procedures to assess environmental impacts. This makes it harder and more time-consuming to generate environmental impact assessments and receive timely environmental clearances from regulators. From thereon, the new ministry has focused, in close collaboration with the national and international development partners, on defining environmental policies, setting priorities and implementing initiatives within a context of sustainable development. The Environmental Impact Assessment EIA experience in India indicates that the lack of timely availability of reliable and authentic environmental data has been a major bottle neck in achieving the full benefits of EIA.
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Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)