Body camera research
Police body cameras statistics
We now present a narrative review of this research across these six categories. Officers with body cameras initiated At the same time, this rapid adoption of BWCs is occurring within a low information environment; researchers are only beginning to develop knowledge about the effects, both intentional and unintentional, of this technology. Researchers reviewed 70 empirical studies on body cameras' effects, ranging from officer and citizen behavior to influences on law enforcement agencies as a whole. Table 1. Rieoux Koper, L.
But so far, academic research suggests the technology largely hasn't lived up to those expectations. Rieoux Subareas of BWC studies with citations 1.
Benefits of police body cameras
Seventy empirical studies of BWCs were examined covering the impact of cameras on officer behavior, officer perceptions, citizen behavior, citizen perceptions, police investigations, and police organizations. Do body cameras change how police interact with the public? Complaints are rare events relative to the large number of police—citizen interactions that occur daily. Officers themselves believe that BWCs reduce specific types of complaints—frivolous, malicious, or unfounded—because citizens now realize they are being recorded. The findings from this area of research are more equivocal, however. Impact of BWCs on citizen behavior 3a. In a period of less than a year, BWCs transformed from a technology that received little attention by many police leaders and scholars to one that has become rapidly prioritized, funded, and diffused into local policing. Many hoped the arrival of body cameras would foster greater accountability within departments. The vast majority of the studies reviewed show that officers wearing body cameras receive fewer complaints against them than those not being recorded. Fortunately, researchers have taken a major interest in studying BWCs in the last 5 years and have tried to keep up with its rapid adoption.
The International Association of Chiefs of Police IACP, has already developed model policies for this technology, signaling its widespread use and importance in law enforcement.
The researchers note that a possible reason why officers with cameras wrote more citations was because they were worried they might be reprimanded for not issuing tickets when video evidence showed that a citizen had violated an ordinance or traffic law.
The first review of BWCs was conducted by Whitewho discovered only five evaluation studies had been completed as of Septembereven though almost a third of U. Another possibility is that officers may be informally negotiating complaints by showing potential complainants or supervisors video footage of the encounter, which may discourage citizens from pursuing complaints for reasons unrelated to whether the complaint is legitimate.
In fact, three studies suggested officers wearing cameras actually might initiate more total contacts than those without them. Since the Rialto and Mesa studies, evaluation research on the impact that BWCs have on officer behavior has grown.
The reason for this is that technology is often filtered through—and shaped by—human factors e. In Maythe U. By Chaz Kelsh July 1, Police use of force has been heavily scrutinized for more than a year after fatal police encounters with unarmed black men in New York CityFerguson, Mo.
Body worn cameras
Scherer Another possibility is that officers may be informally negotiating complaints by showing potential complainants or supervisors video footage of the encounter, which may discourage citizens from pursuing complaints for reasons unrelated to whether the complaint is legitimate. These events were watershed moments in American policing that spurred on the rapid adoption of BWCs. Furthermore, we found at least substudies of various outcomes within these 70 publications. Please contact us here. The findings from this area of research are more equivocal, however. Supporters say the devices are needed to provide transparency, build public trust and provide evidence against false complaints. For example, we did not limit ourselves to only outcome evaluations of BWCs. Seventy empirical studies of BWCs were examined covering the impact of cameras on officer behavior, officer perceptions, citizen behavior, citizen perceptions, police investigations, and police organizations. Citizen Interactions One of the main goals of body cameras is to increase the public's trust in police. The study indicates that police officers were more cautious and risk averse when wearing body cameras. Although many of these studies comprise some amount of contamination, attrition, and design challenges, it is important to emphasize that the level of believability of these findings is fairly strong. Citation: Ready, Justin; Young, Jacob. To maximize the positive impacts of BWCs, police and researchers will need to give more attention to the ways and contexts organizational and community in which BWCs are most beneficial or harmful.
based on 30 review