Review of related studies of extrinsic motivation on academic performance

Furthermore, the extent to which the behavior becomes valued and judged important for the individual, and especially that it is perceived as chosen by oneself, then the internalization of extrinsic motives becomes regulated through identification.

The effect of rewards and motivation on student achievement

These theories include Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Herzberg's two factor theory, McClelland's need for achievement theory and Alfred's E. Furthermore, the extent to which the behavior becomes valued and judged important for the individual, and especially that it is perceived as chosen by oneself, then the internalization of extrinsic motives becomes regulated through identification. The researcher informed participants that all information would be kept confidential. The students who are extrinsically motivated determine the standards of their performance according to social norms and customs and hencethey are normally more social and friendly. Thus extrinsic motivation is related to the action that is done to get some rewards Coetzee, This is the main reason that males are extrinsically motivated as compare to females. Too much emphasis is placed on educated and excellent performance as was never before.

The AMS consists of 28 items. Biehler, R. Amotivated individual experience feelings of incompetence and expectancies of uncontrollability they perceive their behavior as caused by forces out of their own control.

intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in the classroom pdf

Deci, E. Amotivated is the third type of motivation. Literature suggests intrinsic motivation reveals the presence of three types of intrinsic motivation: to know, to experience stimulation, and to accomplish things.

To conclude, findings of the results illustrates that motivation improves academic performance of the students.

Research has shown that motivation is related to various outcomes such as curiosity, persistence, learning and performance Deci and Ryan, Measure A demographic form was filled by the participants, which included the information about age, gender, qualification, family structure, and socio economic status.

Appleton- Century-Crafts. Based on literature review following hypotheses were formulated 1 there would be a positive correlation between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on academic performance.

effects of motivation on students academic performance pdf
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