Stalins great terror

But when he read his confession amended and corrected personally by Stalin, he withdrew his whole confession.

how did the great purge affect russia

The farms, known as kolkhoz, functioned as communes of peasants. The purge of the Red Army and Military Maritime Fleet removed three of five marshals then equivalent to four-star generals13 of 15 army commanders then equivalent to three-star generals[34] eight of nine admirals the purge fell heavily on the Navy, who were suspected of exploiting their opportunities for foreign contacts[35] 50 of 57 army corps commanders, out of division commanders, 16 of 16 army commissarsand 25 of 28 army corps commissars.

He was executed on 4 October The NKVD officers shot prisoners in the head using pistols.

how many people died in the great purge

The trials caught the attention of international press and the whole world stood amazed listening to former die-hard communists confessing that they were, in fact, traitors and spies. He had been posthumously acquitted.

The great purge effects

Stalin claimed that they were the "commission" authorized by the Politburo and gave assurances that death sentences would not be carried out. In the s and s, 2, writers, intellectuals, and artists were imprisoned and 1, died in prisons and concentration camps. It's sad that so many innocent people suffered, it was completely unjustified Elena Rudiy, granddaughter of Harbin victims Yuliy Rudiy was the head of the China Eastern Railway in Harbin. Various historians claim that the real number of victims could be twice as much. Viktor's mother arranged an exile for her son, and so on a freezing December night in , Viktor Didenko stood on an overcrowded platform in Yaroslavsky station in Moscow, waiting for a train that would take him across the country to Russia's Far East and hopefully, to safety. Because many people simply vanished, and killings were often covered up, an exact death toll is impossible to determine. During World War II , Stalin was responsible for the executions of war prisoners and traitors, especially Polish nationals.

Nikolai Yezhov was the man whose name became synonymous with the Purge.

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The Great Purge under Stalin