In the end, politicians on both sides of the aisle dug in their heels.
An eloquent leader of this new party was an Illinois lawyer named Abraham Lincoln, who believed that "there can be no moral right in the enslaving of one man by another.
At the same time, Congress abolished the slave trade in the District of Columbia, ending the shameful practice of buying and selling human beings in the shadow of the Capitol.
To forestall anticipated antislavery actions by the incoming Lincoln administration, seven slave states seceded during the winter of — In the years before the war, many northern Democrats defected to join the new party — and, into elect Abraham Lincoln as the first Republican president — while southern Democrats led the march to secession.
The Civil War tipped the sectional balance of power in favor of the North. Though on the surface the Civil War may have seemed a lopsided conflict, with the 23 states of the Union enjoying an enormous advantage in population, manufacturing including arms production and railroad construction, the Confederates had a strong military tradition, along with some of the best soldiers and commanders in the nation.
Thanks for watching! Border slave states like MissouriKentucky and Maryland did not secede, but there was much Confederate sympathy among their citizens.
But two years later, running against a Democratic party split into northern and southern factions, Lincoln won the presidency by carrying every northern state. Lee launched a daring invasion of the North in the summer of