Thesis on money laundering in india
Other analogous statutes: Besides these legislations, there is a law of Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, under which the Central government regulates flow of funds to various organizations.
When criminals use financial institution for laundering funds, this creates negative promotional and it's enough to scare banks into striving to keep criminals away from their terrain. Money laundering also performed through the channels other than financial institutions that includes more sterile investments such as real estate, art, antiques, jewellery and luxury automobiles, or investments of the type that gives lower marginal productivity in an economy.
Legislature body has difficulty to quantify the negative economic effects of money laundering on economic development.
Other indirect economic effects are higher insurance premiums for those who do not make fraudulent claims and higher costs to businesses therefore generating fewer profits which make it difficult to break even.
CDD must be applied upon establishment of a business relationship or in preparation of a specific cash transactions in excess of a certain amount.
This ordinance was modified in and responsibility of proof to the accused. It allows to realize "white" returns.
Research papers on money laundering in india
The IMF is especially concerned about the possible consequences of money laundering and the financing of terrorism on its members' economies. Moreover, the list of businesses defined as financial institutions is wide ranging and includes banks, brokers and dealers in securities or commodities, currency exchanges, insurance companies, credit card operators, dealers in precious metals, stones and jewels, travel agencies, businesses engaged in the sale of vehicles including automobiles, air planes and boats, casinos and gaming establishments, and even telegraph companies and US postal service. The good citizens and the government are dispossessed from their right, making the criminals take the benefit to flourish in their criminality. Consequently, governments may have to levy higher taxes in order to obtain the funds necessary to fulfil their responsibilities towards their citizens. Theoretical review of money laundering: It has been demonstrated in academic reports that financial institutions have made efforts to detect and prevent money laundering since last many years, but the main feature of money laundering are its processes in which it is carried out. However, by using funds from such illicit sources, criminals risk drawing the authorities' attention to the underlying criminal activity and exposing themselves to criminal prosecution. In developing countries where there is no strict control, the governments have to seek further contribution from good citizens, making people suffer more and continue to be subject to poverty. These include risks to the soundness and stability of financial institutions and financial systems, increased volatility of international capital flows, and a dampening effect on foreign direct investment. When authorities are empowered to investigate and prosocute corruption-related money laundering they can trace, seize and confiscate property that is the proceeds of corruption and engage in related international cooperation. However this law covers proceeds of only certain crimes such corruption, breach of trust and cheating and not all the crimes under the Indian Penal Code. Suter designated that there are other methods that can be adopted to allow, layering to take place that involve the over-invoicing and false invoicing of imports and exports. Money Laundering is fundamentally, the process of transforming, through a series of stages, the proceeds of illegal or criminal activity, into apparently legitimately acquired funds. Among the goals of this effort are: protecting the integrity and stability of the international financial system, cutting off the resources available to terrorists, and making it more difficult for those engaged in crime to profit from their criminal activities.
Money laundering is the process of concealing the illicit origin of proceeds of crimes. Therefore, government, legislative act and other enforcing laws must implement policies in legal procedure to curb the crime.
Anti money laundering in india
Where criminals are allowed to use the proceeds of crime, the ability to launder such proceeds makes crime more attractive. Money laundering damages the financial institution which is an important factor in the economic development of nation. These include risks to the soundness and stability of financial institutions and financial systems, increased volatility of international capital flows, and a dampening effect on foreign direct investment. That illicit capital flight drains scarce resources specially from developing economies. The penetration and sometimes saturation of illicit money into legitimate financial sectors and nations accounts can intimidate economic and political constancy. Sensible risks are prone to affect the reliability of banks and the management of economic policies. It not only impends the financial system of nation by taking away command of the economic policy from the government, but also declines the moral and social position of the society by exposing it to activities such as drug trafficking, smuggling, corruption and other criminal activities.
Processes of Money Laundering Placement: First step is the Placement stage in the money laundering cycle. Money laundering negatively affects trust of local citizens in their own domestic financial institutions as well as trust of foreign investors and financial institutions in a state's financial institution which ultimately contributes to economic growth.
Money laundering channels may also be related with distortions of a country's' imports and exports.
based on 30 review